Pandemics in human history always often result in untold and sometimes unparalleled problems that would need great thinkers to offer solutions. Researchers are positive opportunists which do not relent in their efforts in continually investigating the ‘what’, ‘when’, ‘who’, and ‘how’ of every scenario just to bring relief to humanity. In the current outbreak, researchers in the diverse disciplines must think of how to offer a new lens of understanding to the outbreak and more importantly offer urgent solutions to its associated challenges that will threaten human structures for success.
Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 worldwide pandemic, scholars in the field of Health and Allied Sciences have started investigating the particular etiology, epidemiology, pathophysiology, histopathology, clinical evaluation/treatment/management and diagnosis of the COVID-19. A survey of the scholarly functions in this field shows great efforts of Asian researchers, especially from China, where the outbreak began.
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These types of hardworking researchers never relented in their efforts in investigating medically, exactly what should be done to fight the virus. These remarkable researchers kept on pursuing this particular path even under perilous working conditions that resulted in the loss of some. They have truly demonstrated and proven what researchers must do all the time in constantly searching for solutions to alleviate this of their fellow humans even in periods of pandemic. However , more needs to be done by their colleagues in other countries. There exists a need for medical scientists to investigate the genome sequence of the novel coronavirus in different regions of the world. Interestingly, other scholars in the field of medicine are busily investigating this phenomenon to inform knowledgeably on the coronavirus, suggesting preventive measures and more importantly, finding medical cure and vaccine to fully combat it. For example, while medical scientists search through the lens of orthodox medicine, herbal practitioners are experimenting on means of using herbal extracts in making medicine that can boost the immune system and provide a strong immune buffer in order to fight the coronavirus. These initiatives are commendable. More work needs to be done in searching for more efficient means of conducting tests on COVID-19 patients, carrying out contact tracing, and precautionary/preventive actions for the coronavirus.
Researchers in the field of Anatomist, particularly Computer and Mechanical System are devising technologies to help in mitigating the spread of the COVID-19. Digital technologies such as drones plus robocops have been designed and used in some countries, to sum up, manual observance of lockdowns. Likewise, mobile systems such as the development of new apps intended for contact tracing of patients of the COVID-19 as well as those who have had connection with them are being designed. For instance, MIT researchers are developing a system depending on artificial intelligence to complement the manual contact tracing carried out by public health personnel that relies on short-range Bluetooth signals from smartphones. In South Africa, ambulances endowed with automated test kits and laboratory solutions designed as a result of diligent efforts within research are being used in testing and tracking persons with the COVID-19 during remote, hard-to-reach areas. In Ghana, the Ministry of Health lately launched the COVID-19 app for tracing people infected or who may have had contact with carriers of the COVID-19 virus. These technologies developed as a result of rigorous studies by some mechanised engineers as well as computer hardware and software engineers are being deployed to aid within the fight against the COVID-19. More technological tools to fight the coronavirus are still required and dedicated researchers in the field of engineering are constantly on the table investigating these potentials.
Researchers in agriculture has a great research job in stock for them. The lockdown has resulted in a high record of postharvest losses in countries. What are the efficient ways of mitigating post-harvest losses during periods of pandemic and lockdowns? How can farmers use internet marketing strategies and platforms to connect to clients to patronize their products to prevent them from incurring high economic losses? What can the ministry of food and agriculture do to assist these types of poor farmers in managing the particular crisis of lockdowns? What are a few of the efficient ways the perishable plantation produce could be processed into non-perishable products by food manufacturing companies? They are excellent themes that merit investigation by agriculturalists during this pandemic outbreak. Sadly, studies in these areas are yet to be undertaken.
The travel and hospitality management sector are actually hit greatly due to the COVID-19 outbreak. Many scheduled tours and tourism activities have been canceled due to traveling bans and lockdowns. It is estimated that the tourism sector globally will lose higher revenue up to the value of close to 2 billion dollars. This is the time researchers in tourism and hospitality management may consider virtual means of marketing these types of tourism sites through intensified research into smart tourism and e-tourism. This growing field in tourism has not been given much attention, particularly in developing countries. This pandemic period should be the time that researchers on this field would find ways of improving public awareness of smart tourism plus e-tourism.
Scholars in the Social Sciences and Humanities such as sociologists, anthropologists and culturists have the task in investigating the sociological impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak such as ways of coping with social anxiety as a result of the pandemic. Also, an assessment of the financial impacts of the COVID-19 on company activities, the need to embark on e-business, e-marketing, e-banking and other electronic forms of undertaking business activities are important topics that must be explored. Social and Cultural anthropologists should look into the cultural and public perceptions of the different people across the parts of the world about the coronavirus and recommend the application of culturally relevant interventions to combat the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Likewise, psychologists and psychiatrists must suggest ways of dealing with post-traumatic disorders from quarantining, as well as stigmatization and discrimination against COVID-19 sufferers and their relatives.